UPSC Syllabus 2024 PDF Download – IAS Prelims & Mains and Interview Syllabus

UPSC Syllabus 2024 PDF Download: UPSC IAS Syllabus 2024, UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Syllabus, Exam Pattern, Application Form, Result, Admit Card and other information is given. The Union Public Service Commission (IAS) Syllabus has been released by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) on the official website. Candidates who have applied for the UPSC IAS Recruitment Exam can download the IAS Syllabus 2024 in Hindi and English through the official website. At the end of the article, we gave the UPSC IAS Syllabus PDF, which you can easily download.

UPSC Syllabus 2024

Union Public Service Commission Ajmer has released the official syllabus for IAS. Union Public Service Commission has released the complete syllabus of IAS on the official website. In UPSC IAS, studying every subject topic in depth becomes very important. Candidates who have applied for UPSC IAS should start preparing now as the syllabus is huge and time is very little. Union Public Service Commission will conduct a pre-examination within 3 to 4 months after the completion of the application process, and after that, the main and final interviews will be conducted.

If you want to succeed in the UPSC IAS Recruitment Exam, start preparing now. Let me tell you all that preparation should always be related to the syllabus; if you do not study from the syllabus, you will face many problems. Union  Public Service Commission has published the UPSC  IAS Syllabus 2024 on the official website. You can easily download the IAS Pre and Mains Syllabus.

UPSC Syllabus 2024 PDF Download
Recruitment OrganizationUnion Public Service Commission (UPSC)
Post TitleUPSC Syllabus 2024
Post NameIAS
Salary/ Pay ScaleRs. 56,100 – INR 1,77,500
Job LocationDistrict Wise

UPSC Syllabus 2024 Latest News

The Union Public Service Commission has released the IAS syllabus on the official website. Almost every time, the course remains the same. We have provided you with the link to download the syllabus PDF at the end of the article, with the help of which you can easily download the PDF.

UPSC Syllabus 2024 Hindi & English

Hindi and English medium students participate in the Union Public Service Commission. In such a situation, the syllabus of both mediums is released in different languages. The topics are the same, but there is a slight change in the language; the syllabus for Hindi medium students is released in Hindi, and for English medium students, the syllabus is released in English. The syllabus PDF of both the medium students is given below.

UPSC 2024 Selection Process

  • Preliminary Written Examination (Qualifying)M
  • Main exam pattern
  • Interview
  • Document verification
  • Medical examination.

UPSC Syllabus 2024 Prelims Exam Pattern

Two Compulsory PapersGeneral Studies Paper -I
General Studies Paper -II ( CSAT )
Number of Questions asked in GS Paper-I100 Question
Number of Questions asked in CSAT80
Total Number Of Marks400
GS Paper-I – 200 Marks
CSAT – 200 Marks
Negative Marking1/3
Time AllottedTwo hours each;
GS Paper-I – 2 Hours (9:30 AM -11:30 AM)
CSAT – 2 Hours (2:30 PM – 4:30 PM)

  • Current events of national and international importance
  • History of India and Indian National Movement
  • Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues
  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specilisation
  • General Science

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem solving
  • General mental ability Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level)
  • Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)

UPSC Mains 2024 Exam Pattern

Let us tell you that the candidate who falls within the range of scoring cutoff marks will be called to appear in the UPSC Mains Exam.

  • There are 7 papers in the UPSC Main Exam.
  • All papers are descriptive/analytical.
Paper-IEssay (can be written in the medium of the candidate’s choice)250
Paper-IIGeneral Studies – I (Indian Heritage & Culture, History & Geography of the World & Society)250
Paper-IIIGeneral Studies – II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice & International Relations)250
Paper-IVGeneral Studies – III (Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Security & Disaster Management)250
Paper-VGeneral Studies – IV (Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude)250
Paper-VIOptional Subject – Paper I250
Paper-VIIOptional Subject – Paper II250

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present – significant events, personalities, issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society.
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone. etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes. 
  • Constitution of India —historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
  • Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures. 
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighbourhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting  India’s interests.
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate. 
  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth. 
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention. 
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate. 
  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on the above issues. 

If you also appear in the UPSC exam, you will definitely be asked about essay writing. And that essay will have to be written very briefly and accurately. You will also be expected to organize your thoughts in the essay. An essay paper is a paper in which you can improve your score. That means you can improve your rank. The essay sections have been divided into two parts. Each section includes 4 subjects.

  1. Essay – 100 marks
  2. Reading comprehension – 60 marks
  3. Precis Writing – 60 marks
  4. Translation:
    • English to compulsory language (e.g. Hindi) – 20 marks
    • Compulsory language to English – 20 marks
  5. Grammar and basic language usage – 40 marks

(i) Comprehension of given passages.

(ii) Precis Writing.

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary.

(iv) Short Essays.

Indian Language:-

(i) comprehension of given passages.

(ii) Precis Writing.

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary.

(iv) Short Essays.

(v) Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa. 

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